Corruption Perceptions Index: Corruption Remains a Threat Around the World in 20135. December 2013 - 18:13 — Dejan Georgievski
Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 offers a warning that the abuse of power, secret dealings and bribery continue to ravage societies around the world. More than two thirds of the 177 countries in the 2013 index score below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).
"The Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 demonstrates that all countries still face the threat of corruption at all levels of government, from the issuing of local permits to the enforcement of laws and regulations," said Huguette Labelle, Chair of Transparency International.
In the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013, Denmark and New Zealand tie for first place with scores of 91. Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia this year make up the worst performers, scoring just 8 points each.
In 2013, Serbia has seen its index rise to 42 points, compared to last year’s score of 39, and advanced several places in the global rankings, from 80th to 72nd place. Transparency Serbia notes that the index, nevertheless, remains low and ranks Serbia among countries with widespread corruption, but that this progress should be used as an impulse to implement further reforms to allow for systemic fight against corruption.
TI Serbia says that the increasingly strong anti-corruption rhetoric and several actions by law enforcement authorities did result in some reduction of corruption in public services. However, that progress, to be sustainable, can’t rely solely on fear of sanctions and has to include efforts to eliminate the very causes of corruption. Therefore, Serbia needs to implement significant reforms in the public sector, demonstrate greater dedication to prevention, and ensure a more active and responsible prosecution and judicial institutions.
Croatia shares the 57th place in this year's CPI with a score of 48, two points rise over the 2012 score of 46.
“Although CPI 2013 score confirms that Croatia fights the corruption, the fight is not intensive enough. The two point increase of the score and the five places rise on the table should not satisfy the Government. We would remind the Government of Point 18 of the Plan 21 of the ruling “Kukuriku” Coalition that promises Croatian citizens a society free of corruption”, said Davorka Budimir, President of Transparency International Croatia at the presentation of the results.
In the CPI2013, Bosnia and Hercegovina is ranked in 77th place, with a score of 42, position it shares with Sao Tome and Principe, Brazil, Serbia and South Africa. The Index, as in previous years, indicates that the fight against corruption stagnates and that no significant effort was made by the authorities to influence the perception of corruption.
Transparency International BiH notes that, in spite of that, competent institutions and authorities continue to ignore all warnings, including warnings by EU that the fight against corruption will be the key factor in BiH’s European integrations. According to TI BiH, 20 years after the independence, BiH still finds herself at the very beginning of establishment of a system of accountability to the citizens.
Macedonia’s score in the CPI 2013 is almost identically with 2012 results – 43 and 44 index points, respectively, which shows that corruption remains an issue of high priority for the Republic of Macedonia, Transparency International Macedonia says. TI Macedonia adds that the score indicates that the actions taken by the government are insufficient and institutions are ineffective.
Furthermore, the institutions have not provided sufficient guarantee that those who are responsible for corruption and unlawful work will not enjoy protection and impunity.
"Untouchability on the responsible people for corruption in everyday life needs to be eradicated,” said Slagjana Taseva, president of Transparency International Macedonia at the announcement of the results of the CPI for 2013.
CPI2013 ranks Kosovo in 111th place, with a score of 33 index points, which are worse results than last year, when Kosovo was ranked 105th with a score of 34 points. The Kosovo Democratic Institute (KDI) noted, at the presentation of the CPI2013 findings, that the deteriorating situation is due to the lack of commitment of Kosovo institutions to fight the corruption. KDI used the opportunity to call on the Assembly of Kosovo to strengthen its oversight of the Government.
For Montenegro, which scored 44 index points and shares the 67th place with Macedonia, and Albania, which is the lowest ranked country of the Western Balkans with a score of 31 in 116th place, there were no more detailed comments or information available.
The Corruption Perceptions Index is based on experts’ opinions of public sector corruption. Countries’ scores can be helped by strong access to information systems and rules governing the behaviour of those in public positions, while a lack of accountability across the public sector coupled with ineffective public institutions hurts these perceptions.
Corruption within the public sector remains one of the world’s biggest challenges, Transparency International said, particularly in areas such as political parties, police, and justice systems. Public institutions need to be more open about their work and officials must be more transparent in their decision-making. Corruption remains notoriously difficult to investigate and prosecute.
Future efforts to respond to climate change, economic crisis and extreme poverty will face a massive roadblock in the shape of corruption, Transparency International warned. International bodies like the G20 must crack down on money laundering, make corporations more transparent and pursue the return of stolen assets.
For additional information about CPI2013, detailed results and infographics, visit the website of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013.
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